Samarkand city

Khodja Ahror Vali

Khoja Akhror Vali (real name Khoja Ubaydullah ibn Khoja Mahmud ibn Khoja Shakhobiddin Shoshiy) is a Central Asian thinker, one of the leaders of the Nakshbandi sect. His father, Sheikh Khoja Mahmud, was an assistant to Nakshbandi and was engaged in trade and agriculture. Sheikh Khovandi Tahur is his maternal grandfather. Khoja Akhror Vali spent his childhood and youth in Tashkent. He studied at the madrasas of Tashkent and Samarkand. He was interested in mysticism.

Mosque Hazrat Khizr

Hazrat Khizr is a man according to Islamic traditions, a pious person. Khizr is not mentioned in the Qur'an. But scholars interpret the person who is called "the slave of Allah" as Khizr. He, like Jesus, Ilyas and Idris, was given eternal life in order to maintain people's faith in God. A characteristic feature of Khizr is that the thumb of his right hand is boneless. According to legend, Khizr lived on the islands, flew in the sky, traveled the world, made an annual pilgrimage and prayed on Fridays in the mosques of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. He supports sailors at sea and when they are addressed with special prayers, he comes to the rescue: he saves drowning people, puts out fires, protects them from thieves, demons and snake bites. He appears in the form of an old man, horseman or traveler. The life of Khizr is interpreted in Islamic tradition as eternal, but in Muslim countries there are several tombs of Khizr that have been turned into Muslim shrines.

Namazgoh jome mosque

One of the mosques built in Samarkand in the 17th century, while outside its territory. It was built at the expense of Nadir Devonbegi, a famous philanthropist and member of the Uzbek family, who built several more buildings in Samarkand over the years.

Mausoleum Abu Al Maturidi

Abu Mansur al-Maturidi was born in the city of Maturid, not far from Samarkand. He studied Hanafi jurisprudence and other religious sciences in Samarkand. His mentors were Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ishaq, Abu Nasr Ahmad ibn al-Abbas (known as al-Faqih as-Samarkandi), Nasr ibn Yahya al-Balkhi, and Muhammad ibn Muqatil ar-Razi. Later, al-Maturidi himself taught jurisprudence and kalam.

Mausoleum Khodja Daniel

According to the 18th century, this complex contains the ashes of the prophet Daniyar (Danil), his remains were brought to Samarkand by the great Amir Temur. According to legend, a healing spring formed at the place where the horse's hooves hit. After the appearance of the mausoleum, the inner part of the grave appeared in the building and as a result was extended by 18 meters. Time passed, the historical building was reconstructed in different periods, and only by the 20th century a rectangular building was built in the burial place.

Khazrati David cave

Samarkand is a sacred city that dates back to the times of Hazrat David. There is a lot of history about how this cave originated. Many pilgrims apply with the desire to get into the cave, and they climb 1303 steps to the cave and touch the traces of the hands and feet of Hazrat David.

Mausoleum Gur-Emir

In 1403, after a military campaign against the Ottoman Empire, Timur's heir to the throne, Muhammad Sultan, died. Returning to Samarkand in the fall of 1404, Timur ordered to build a mausoleum for his grandson, which became the family burial vault of Gur-Emir. The mausoleum was built in the southeastern part of medieval Samarkand, next to the madrasah and khanaka of Muhammad Sultan. Gur-Emir is the mausoleum of Tamerlane, his mentor Mir Sayyid Barak, and some members of Timur's family. It is also interpreted as "Guri Mir" (the grave of the worlds).

Madrasah Bibi-Khanum

The mosque was erected by order of Tamerlane after his victorious campaign in India. Construction began in May 1399. The location of the future mosque was chosen by Amir Timur himself. Craftsmen from various countries were involved in the construction: India, Iran, Khorezm, the Golden Horde. By September 1404, the main part of the complex had already been built. In the courtyard of the mosque, 10 thousand people could pray at the same time. According to legend, the mosque got its name in honor of the beloved wife of Tamerlane.

Observatory Mirzo Ulugbek

Observatory of Mirzo Ulugbek is one of the rare examples of 15th century architecture in Samarkand, an ancient astronomical observatory. It was built in 1428 by order of Ulugbek on the top of Kohak (Choponota) in the form of a huge cylinder. It contained more than ten different astronomical instruments and instruments. The most important of these is the quadrant (or close to sextant) device, which consists of a double arc with a radius of 40.2 m. The southern part of the quadrant is underground, the rest is about 30 meters above ground level on the north side.

Complex Registan

Registan is a square in the center of Samarkand. The main squares in the cities of the Middle East were called "Registan". Samarkand Square is the most famous register due to the famous architectural ensemble of the 15th-17th centuries located on it, the center of which is Ulugbek Madrasah (1417-1420), Sherdor Madrasah (1619-1636) and Tilla-Kari Madrasah (1646-1660)

Mausoleum Ruhabad

Ruhabad is a figurative name, in fact, the mausoleum of the holy Sheikh Burkhaniddin Sogardzhi. Amir Temur issued a special waqf for the maintenance of the mausoleum (the translation of the burnt remains is kept in the State Archives of Uzbekistan). In Soviet times, this place was abandoned. On the eve of the 660th anniversary of the birth of Amir Temur, large-scale reconstruction work was carried out around the mausoleum.

Shakh-i Zinda mausoleum

The Shahi Zinda ensemble was founded by the Turkic dynasty of the Karakhanids and was further formed over the course of 9 centuries and includes more than twenty structures of the 11th-14th and 19th centuries. Until the 16th century, it was called Mazar Shah, meaning Kusam ibn Abbas. Since the 16th century, it has become known under the name Shokh-i Zinda - "living king". Shakhi-Zinda is the only archaeological and architectural monument in Samarkand, in which, including the cultural layers of Afrasiab, almost 25-century history of the city was reflected.