Khiva city

Fortress Kuhna-Ark

Ichan-Kala is an old city in Khiva, an open-air museum. You could even say that it is a city within a city. The inner city (shahristan, citadel), surrounded by powerful walls that once served to protect the city from enemies. Defensive towers were erected in the walls every 30 meters. The walls are 8-10 meters high, 5-6 meters thick, and 6250 meters long. The walls are made of adobe (a mixture of clay and straw). Part of the walls is open to tourists. You can independently climb them, take a walk and look at the outer and inner city from a height.

Ichan-kala jome mosque

Jome Mosque was one of the most prominent medieval buildings in the city. Differs in a unique design and dimensions. The building is located on the side of the main street that surrounds the east and west gates of Ichon Kala. Al-Maksidi, an Arab traveler who came to Khorezm in the 10th century, first mentioned the Juma Mosque in Khiva. However, according to longtime residents of Khiva, the Old Mosque was demolished and replaced in 1788 according to the same plan.

Tash-hauli palace

The palace of the ruler of Khiva, Allakuli Khan - Tash Khovli - was built in the 19th century. Initially, it contained 163 rooms. The most richly decorated aivan served as a living room for the khan. Each aivan of the harem is a masterpiece of Khiva applied art. Their walls, ceilings, columns are covered with non-repetitive ornamental patterns. The majolica panels of the walls have a traditional blue-white-light-blue color, the ceilings are painted with red-brown paints. The windows are closed with copper openwork bars.

Mosque Vayangan bobo

Shrine II-IV centuries BC. At that time, the area was the flourishing fortress of Wayangan. Wayangan bobo was beaten by a saint who defended his city. Pozier the city was captured by the enemy. When studying the village, scientists and archaeologists found solid human bones in each of them. As a result, pruning had to be stopped. The city of Vayangan is very ancient and the name of this fortress is mentioned in the epic "Gurugli".

Shrine Ulli pir

He was the mentor of Ahmad Yassawi, Abdukhalik Gijduvani. Later, Yusuf Hamadani developed some of the rules of the Khoja-gon-Naqshbandi sect. Khoja Abdullah Barraki Khorezmi, Khoja Hasan Andoki Bukhari, Ahmad Yassavi and Abduholik Gijduvani were Yusuf Hamadoni's successors as his caliphs. He wrote works such as "Rutbat ul-hayot", "Kashf", "Ri-sola dar odobi tariqat", "Risola dar axloq va munojot".

Mausoleum of Sayyid Alauddin

Mausoleum of Sayid Alouddin is one of the oldest architectural monuments of Ichon-Kala and a monument of the 14th century. The mausoleum is high and covered with a large dome, while the tomb is covered with a small dome. The 14th century historians Imam Yafi and Ahmad Razi included Sayyid Alouddin in the list of famous Khorezm sheikhs who were the greatest sheikhs after Sheikh Najmiddin Kubro.

Said Niyaz mosque

Mosque was built in 1830 by the local merchant Said Niyaz Shalikarbay, who was engaged in the cultivation and sale of rice. The complex is located in Dishan-Kala, near the gates of Palvan-Darvaza. It is the second mosque in the city after the Jome mosque. The complex consists of a nine-domed winter mosque, a high four-columned aivan, a backyard, a two-story madrasah and a high minaret.

Mausoleum Said Makhiri

The memorial complex of Said Muhammad Mahiri consists of three groups of monumental buildings, among which are the tombs of some Khiva khans. Said Muhammadkhan, Muhammad Rakhimkhan II and Temur Gazi Tura are buried here. The graves of the descendants of the Khiva khans, their wives and children are located in special crypts around the mausoleum. According to legend, a Sufi sheikh named Chadirli Ishan once lived here.

Madrasah Kutlug Murad

Madrasah Kutlug-Murad-inak is considered the first two-storey madrasah in Khiva. In the courtyard, under the dome, there is a Kuduk-Khan well, which in the 19th century was an inexhaustible source of water for the people of Khiva. The madrasah was built on the initiative of Alla's uncle Kuli Khan Kutlug-Murad-inak, who was later buried here according to his will.

Madrasah Kozikalon

Kozikalon Madrasah is an architectural monument within Ichan-Kala. Between Jome Mosque and Matniyaz Devonbegi Madrasah. The madrasah was built by Salim Akhun. At the age of 30, Kozikalon Salim Akhun was appointed to the position of chief judge of Khiva and served for many years until the end of his life due to his strong knowledge and talent.

Mosque Niyaz Mukhammad Akhund

Hazrat Niyaz Muhammad Akhund was born in the Karakul district of the Bukhara Khanate. Date of birth unknown. His father's name was Mulla Mirza Muhammad Murad. His ancestors fought for the spread of Islam. The genealogy of Niyaz Muhammad Akhund goes back to Abu Bakr Siddiq.

Mausoleum Pahlavan Makhmud

In the literature of the Persian and Turkic peoples, after Umar Khayyam, the only poet who wrote the rubai was Pakhlavon Mahmud. He was the organizer and spiritual leader of the futuristic-youth movement of the masters of the city. His works combine the theoretical ideas of mysticism and the practical rules of the sect of heroism. According to him, the divine presence is reflected in all beings in the universe. Manuscripts "Khazrati Pakhlavon Rubailari", attributed to Pakhlavon Mahmud, are kept at the Uzbek Institute of Oriental Studies.