Kokand is one of the most ancient cities of Central Asia. Under the textures of the names, it has been discovered since the 10th century, but its coloration falls on the 18th century.
Throughout the history of the Kokand Khanate, 29 rulers have changed, the most famous of them was the last - Khudoyar Khan, who was manifested by ruthlessness and greed. During his existence, he lost his throne four times and again regained power. He did a lot to decorate the city: during the acquisition of Khudoyar Khan, guzars, mosques, and madrasahs were built.
Kokand has preserved a very ancient structure, it consists of new and old parts. The new city in the 19th century was saturated with commercial enterprises, administrative buildings, banks and mansions of industrialists.
In the old part of the city, the khan's palace - "Urda", monuments of folk residential architecture, mosques, madrasahs and memorial buildings of the 19th - early 20th centuries have been preserved.
In January 1876, Kaufman, having arrived in St. Petersburg, was able to obtain, bypassing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the sanction of Emperor Alexander II for the complete elimination of the independence of the Kokand Khanate. He immediately telegraphed success to Tashkent, ordering Skobelev to immediately begin preparations for the occupation of Kokand. On January 24, completely overwhelmed by the defeats, Abdurrahman Khan surrendered.