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SHAKHRUKH-BIY. FIRST KHAN OF KOKAND KHANATE

Sept. 10, 2022, 6:15 a.m.
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Shahrukh-biy (1680-1721) - the first ruler of the Uzbek Ming dynasty in the Kokand Khanate, ruling since 1709.

At the beginning of the 18th century, the Ferghana Valley was part of the Bukhara Khanate. During the reign of Abulfeyz Khan (1711-1747), the country witnessed a weakening of the central government and an increase in political strife. Under these conditions, a new dynasty came to power in the Fergana Valley, headed no longer by Genghisides, but by representatives of the Uzbek clan of the Mings.

Initially, Shahrukh-biy owned the title of atalik, granted to him by Abulfeyz-khan. The numerical superiority of the Mings over other Uzbek tribes allowed them to win in the struggle for supreme power in the region. Shahrukh-biy was not chosen as the leader by chance. He possessed military talent and was unusually physically strong. Tepakurgan was temporarily chosen as the capital of the new state. A fortress, a bazaar and new quarters were built here.

Shahrukh-biy managed to extend his power to Kokand, Isfara, Chadak, Chust and Namangan. Shahrukh-biy was killed in 1721 as a result of strife between separate groups of emirs.

After his death, power in the state passed to his eldest son Abdurahim-biy.